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Who discovered the Great Salt Lake?
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[QUOTE]Originally posted by NaturalResources: [QB] I recently finished reading "The Mapping of New Spain, Indigenous Cartography and the Maps of the Relaciones Geograficas" by Barbara E. Mundy. It was a worthwhile read, and has given me great insight into one of the "mysteries" I have run across during my research. The book seemed to focus primarily on the stylistic differences between Indigenous and European Cartography. The Author uses responses to the "Relaciones Geograficas"[b]*[/b], a questionaire created by royal cosmographer Alonoso de Santa Cruz that was sent to dozens of "officials" in "New Spain" around 1575, with the intent of creating an accurate map of the "New World" for the King of Spain, Phillip II. [b]*[/b] http://www.lib.utexas.edu/benson/rg/rg1.html Indeed, while there were over 191 responses to the 50+ point questionnaire, the author draws attention to the fact that despite the seeming healthy response from the people in the "New World", the project in the end was a failure because of the vast differences between Indigenous and European visions of what a "map" should be. To the European, a map was to "scale". This enabled a distance between any two points on the map to be calculated. In addition, every point on that map was "fixed" on a classic "Ptolemaic" grid using latitude and longitude. This allowed a course between any two given points to be calculated. Place names given on most European maps were typically the largest cities in a particular region. Indigenous maps were neither to "scale" nor "fixed" to any grid. Indeed, while "scale" is present in some Indigenous maps, it is only in the form that one would find in a painting, where objects are drawn smaller when they are further away. In addition, place names were given based on the region and what you find in that region, not necessarily the largest "city" in that region. Since a majority of the maps sent as a response to the questionnaire were drawn by natives and not Spanish officials, they were useless to Alonoso de Santa Cruz because they did not conform to the European "Ptolemaic" view of map. However, this has provided insight for me because it explains why the "Homeland of the Aztecs" seems to have been given three different names. If we examine the meaning behind those three names, and view them from an Indigenous mind rather than a European one, a description of a "region" begins to emerge that, IMO, is not all that different from how one would describe the "pre-modern" Utah Valley. Also, consider what a typical Indigenous response to the Spanish question, "What is over there?" would be. Azatlan: Place of Egrets, Place of Whiteness. Cibola: Buffalo Copala: Place of Copal or Copal Trees. (Pine Copal?) I have also learned that the direction "North" was commonly associated with "Incense" in the Aztec world, though this was through a separate source, and I am still following this "lead"... Also, a little something for anyone to "chew on"... A few of the maps that were sent as responses to the questionnaire were more like "story maps" that showed a particular journey by an important person. In order to show the path of that person on the "map" they used footprints. The link below is NOT one of those maps, but it does feature the "footprints" common among a few of the maps included in the above book, which can be found in the link at the end of the second paragraph. http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/kislak/images/kc0007_1s.jpg Then take a look at "Newspaper Rock", just outside of Monticello, Utah. http://www.americansouthwest.net/utah/photographs450/newspaper2.jpg Coincidence? [/QB][/QUOTE]
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